Preferred project: A federal-state-local partnership
This project continues a partnership with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), to plan, design and construct improvements along 4.2 miles of Upper Penitencia Creek from the confluence with Coyote Creek to Dorel Drive. Part of the project will protect the area around the Bay Area Rapid Transit’s (BART) Berryessa station near King Road, which would otherwise be subject to flooding.
In addition to providing flood protection, this multi-objective project will provide ecological restoration and recreation benefits while preserving the water supply. The natural creek channel will be preserved while adjacent existing open space and parkland will remain as recreational areas, only rarely taking the role as a temporary floodplain so that floodwaters do not enter surrounding neighborhoods and commercial areas. Proposed construction measures may include modified floodplains, limited levees/ floodwalls, a bypass channel, and fish passage improvements.
The original local-funding-only project was to acquire all necessary rights-of-way and construct a 1% (100-year event) flood protection project from Coyote Creek confluence to King Road, which would have protected 450 parcels. In December 2019, the Valley Water Board directed staff to use the available local funding to complete the design and construction of the locally funded project as well as build the reaches of the preferred project that can be constructed with the available funding. This approach extends the local-funding-only project from King Road to Capital Avenue and provides 1% flood protection for an additional 800 parcels. As a result, the new local-funding-only project is to construct flood improvements along Upper Penitencia Creek from the confluence of Coyote Creek to Capital Avenue to increase the 1% flood protection provided with local available dollars to 1,250 parcels, including the new Berryessa BART station.
Preferred project with federal and local funding:
- No federal funding has been provided from USACE for this project.
- Valley Water continues to work on the local-funding-only option.
- Valley Water is completing the Planning Study and the Design phase is schedule to begin later in 2022. A geomorphology study was conducted to determine the geomorphic conditions of the creek and to develop channel restoration/enhancement details for the Proposed Project. The geomorphology study was finalized in March 2022 and incorporated into the Planning Study Report (PSR). The preliminary Plan and Profile sheets (Plans) are being updated and will be included in the Final PSR. The project will continue transitioning into the design phase with the final PSR and Plans in August 2022 and Planning to Design Transition Report being completed in September 2022.
- Coordination with the Flea Market owner and the City of San Jose on the potential dedication along Reach 1 is ongoing and will continue on into the design phase. As well as coordination with the City of San Jose on the King Road Bridge design.
- On December 14, 2021, Valley Water presented the project and the preferred alternatives at a resource agencies meeting. Among the resource agencies participating in the meeting were the Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Board. The feedback received from the resource agencies will help the design team develop CEQA and Permitting strategy.
SFEI Vision Report
Public Meeting Materials
May 15, 2019:
Staff provided an update on the feasible alternatives which reflected the public input received at the October 2018 public meeting.
October 2, 2018:
- PowerPoint Presentation Oct. 2
- Upper Penitencia Creek project information
- Draft Conceptual Alternatives
FY22-36 Key Performance Indicator for the Safe, Clean Water Program
Preferred project with federal and local funding: Construct a flood protection project to provide 1% (100-year) flood protection to 8,000 parcels.
With local funding only: Construct a 1% (100-year) flood protection project from Coyote Creek confluence to Capital Avenue to provide 1% (100-year) flood protection to 1,250 parcels, including the new Berryessa BART station.
Preferred project provides up to 1% flood protection to approximately 8,000 homes, schools and businesses
Local-funding-only project provides 1% flood protection to 1,250 parcels, including the new Berryessa BART station
Restores/enhances ecological and riparian habitat
Reduces sedimentation and maintenance requirements
Improves water quality in Upper Penitencia and Coyote creeks
Provides opportunities for recreation improvements consistent with the City of San José and Santa Clara County
Park master plans
Addresses climate change
Geographic Area of Benefit
Flooding History and Project Background
Upper Penitencia is a major tributary of Coyote Creek, flowing westerly from Alum Rock Park through the residential neighborhoods of Berryessa and Alum Rock in San José. More than 5,000 homes, schools and businesses are located in this floodplain, including many high-tech and commercial industries supporting the greater Silicon Valley.
With the capacity to carry less than a 10-year event, Upper Penitencia Creek has spilled its banks at least 7 times since the District began preparing flood reports in 1967. Damaging flood events occurred in 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1986, 1995, and 1998, impacting many homes, businesses and surface streets.
Potential damages from a 1% (or 100-year) flood event are estimated at $455 million (in 2004 dollars, according to a USACE economic analysis), with average annual damages estimated at $30.5 million for the full reach from the Coyote Creek confluence to Dorel Drive.
The preferred project would build on a 1981 tri-party agreement between the District, the City of San José, and Santa Clara County to preserve open land and provide flood protection along the Upper Penitencia Creek corridor. As a result of the agreement, 78 acres have been permanently preserved as Penitencia Creek County Park and Penitencia Creek Trail. A 4-mile, intermittent trail follows Upper Penitencia Creek from 700-acre Alum Rock Regional Park to its confluence with Coyote Creek. In addition to much-needed flood protection, this project will help provide the opportunity for the City of San José and Santa Clara County to complete the long-planned trail and linear park.
About the Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program
In November 2020, voters in Santa Clara County overwhelmingly approved Measure S, a renewal of Valley Water’s Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program.
The program was first passed by voters in 2000 as the Clean, Safe Creeks and Natural Flood Protection Plan, then again in 2012 as the Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program. The renewal of the Safe, Clean Water Program will continue to provide approximately $47 million annually for local projects that deliver safe, clean water, natural flood protection, and environmental stewardship to all the communities we serve in Santa Clara County.
While evaluating ways to improve the 2012 program, Valley Water gathered feedback from more than 21,000 community members. That helped Valley Water create the six priorities for the renewed Safe, Clean Water Program, which are:
Priority A: Ensure a Safe, Reliable Water Supply
Priority B: Reduce Toxins, Hazards and Contaminants in our Waterways
Priority C: Protect our Water Supply and Dams from Earthquakes and Other Natural Disasters
Priority D: Restore Wildlife Habitat and Provide Open Space
Priority E: Provide Flood Protection to Homes, Businesses, Schools, Streets and Highways
Priority F: Support Public Health and Public Safety for Our Community
Each year, Valley Water prepares a report providing a progress update for each of these program priorities, along with fiscal year accomplishments.
To ensure transparency and accountability to the voters, the ballot measure also created an Independent Monitoring Committee, appointed by the Santa Clara Valley Water District Board of Directors. The Independent Monitoring Committee annually reviews the program’s progress to ensure the outcomes are achieved in a cost-efficient manner and reports its findings to the Board. Additionally, the IMC also reviews each proposed 5-year implementation plan prior to its submittal for Board approval.
In addition, the program requires three independent audits.