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A1: Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project*

About This Project
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A collaboration between Valley Water, the San Benito County Water District, and the Pacheco Pass Water District, the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project is a strategic and long-term investment toward ensuring a more reliable supply of safe, clean drinking water in the face of climate change.

The project will boost Pacheco Reservoir’s operational capacity from 5,500 acre-feet to up to 140,000 acre-feet, enough to supply up to 1.4 million residents with water for one year in an emergency. The project will also reduce the frequency and severity of water shortages during droughts, protect our drinking water supply and infrastructure, and improve fish habitat.

Proposed Pacheco Reservoir Expansion
Datapoints
Status
On Target
Phase
Planning
Location
60 miles SE of San Jose (just north of Hwy 152)
Schedule
Start 2024/Finish 2032
Cost
$2.5 billion total ($496.6 million funded by CA Prop 1, $10 million from Safe, Clean Water Program, and additional funding TBD)
News and UpdatesNews and Updates
Reports and DocumentsReports and Documents
Environmental and Community BenefitsEnvironmental and Community Benefits
History and BackgroundHistory and Background
News & Updates

Virtual public information meeting for Draft Environmental Impact Report on the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project

Thursday, Jan.13 

Meeting recording

Meeting presentation slides

Valley Water EXTENDS review period for Draft Environmental Impact Report on the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project

Valley Water has extended the public comment period to a total of 90 days from its release on Nov. 17, 2021. The statutory requirement for public review of an environmental impact report is 45 days (§ 21091 of the Public Resources Code). Valley Water initially provided an additional 21 days to the statutory review period in consideration of the holidays.

This extension includes an additional 24 days to provide public comments, which are now due Feb. 15, 2022 at 5 p.m.

You can email comments to [email protected] or submit by mail to:

Todd Sexauer, Senior Environmental Planner
Santa Clara Valley Water District
5750 Almaden Expressway
San Jose, CA 95118

Valley Water releases Draft Environmental Impact Report on the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project

The draft Environmental Impact Report (EIR) is available for public review beginning Nov. 17 and ending on Friday, Jan. 21, 2022. (UPDATE: Extended to Feb. 15, 2022.)

To review the draft EIR, click here.

Valley Water Board of Directors approves funding commitment for Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project to remain eligible for state funding 

On Nov. 9, 2021, the Valley Water Board of Directors unanimously approved a funding commitment for the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project to remain eligible for up to $496 million in conditional funding from the state’s Prop 1 Water Storage Investment Program (WSIP).

The WSIP funding represents a significant portion of the Pacheco project’s estimated $2.5 billion cost. Valley Water is exploring various dam alternatives that could reduce the cost to $2 billion.

To remain eligible for WSIP funding, the Valley Water Board of Directors was required to commit at least 75% of the non-state funded cost-share. Valley Water will cover this funding commitment through water utility revenues, the Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program Revenues, other Valley Water funds, and Pacheco Project partners.  

As part of the WSIP requirement, Valley Water must also complete feasibility studies and make draft environmental documents for the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project available for public review.

Valley Water is preparing to publish the draft Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for public review on Nov. 17, 2021. The document will be accessible on the Valley Water website at valleywater.org/project-updates/a1-pacheco-reservoir-expansion-project and in person at various libraries in Santa Clara, San Benito and Merced Counties. Check our project page on Nov. 17 for a list of locations.

Valley Water will hold a public meeting on Jan. 13, 2022, from 5-7 p.m. to present the draft EIR and answer questions.

The Valley Water Board of Directors will consider approval of the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project following completion of the Final Environmental Impact Report.

In February 2021, Valley Water held two virtual public scoping meetings and detailed five dam alternatives being evaluated for the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project as part of the California Environmental Quality Act process. Valley Water is also evaluating an option of no expansion.

We are actively looking at ways to bring down the costs to ratepayers. Beyond the $496 million in state money, we are looking at federal grants and the Biden administration’s infrastructure package. Valley Water is also applying for Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA) funding, a low-cost federal loan that is typically cheaper than what Valley Water can borrow on its own, bringing down the loan costs needed to fund the project.

Project team submitted the 30% Draft Basis of Design Report for review to the Department of Water Division of Safety of Dams and held a Technical Review Board Meeting on August 16, 2021.

Be Heard! 

To share your ideas and feedback about the Pacheco Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project, please visit our online engagement site Be Heard Valley Water. 

Click or tap to Be Heard!

Virtual public scoping meetings and open house 

Valley Water issued a Notice of Preparation for an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project in 2017 and solicited public scoping comments at that time. Valley Water recently hosted two virtual public scoping meetings and shared the latest news about the scope and content of the Project EIR that Valley Water is preparing. If you missed the meetings, you can watch the recordings by clicking on the links below.

latest news about the scope and content of the Project EIR that Valley Water is preparing. If you missed the meetings, you can watch the recordings by clicking on the links below.

Thursday, Feb. 25, 2021 from 5:30-7:30 p.m.
Wednesday, Feb. 24, 2021, from 1-3 p.m.

Please click here to read the Notice of Virtual Public Scoping Meetings and Open House

If you would like to see the presentation prior to the scoping meetings, please see the pre-recorded video below:

Click here to view the PowerPoint presentation for the above recording

Notice of Preparation and Initial Study (2017)

Updates

Water is our most precious resource. Climate change, droughts, and population growth pose significant challenges for the reliability of our water supply. Preparing for future dry years by ensuring a reliable supply of safe, clean drinking water is vital for the region. The Pacheco Project will help us provide a more reliable supply for you and your family.

Join the growing list of supporters

Join our efforts to bring this project to fruition. There is much to like in the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project as it delivers on the promises that earned a “Yes” vote for Prop. 1 by nearly three of every four San Benito and Santa Clara county voters in 2014. 

Be a part of the 62 environmental, community, non-profit and businesses organizations, along with elected leaders, who have submitted letters supporting the project. Please join this wide-ranging group of supporters.

We are committed to keeping you informed with our progress and to provide opportunities for your input on this project. Please sign up for progress updates.

Environmental & Community Benefits

FY22-36 Key Performance Indicator for the Safe, Clean Water Program

1. Provide a portion of funds, up to $10 million, to help construct the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project.

 

Ensuring a more reliable supply of safe, clean drinking water

Safe and Clean Drinking Water – Emergency Water Supply – Improving Habitat for Fish – Flood Risk Reduction

A collaboration between Valley Water, the Pacheco Pass Water District and the San Benito County Water District, the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project is a strategic and long-term investment toward building a more reliable water supply in the face of climate change. The increased storage capacity at Pacheco Reservoir will nearly equal the capacity of Valley Water’s ten other reservoirs combined.

The project will also reduce the frequency and severity of water shortages during droughts, protect our drinking water supply and infrastructure, and improve habitat for fish. The Pacheco Project has also been named as the preliminary preferred option to address an issue of algae growth at San Luis Reservoir. Read more about the connection between the Pacheco Project and San Luis Reservoir here.

What does an expanded Pacheco Reservoir mean to us?

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In Santa Clara and San Benito counties, about 40% of our water supply currently comes from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. In the event of an earthquake, Delta levee failure or other major catastrophe, we could lose that water for up to 18 months. The project will boost Pacheco Reservoir’s operational capacity from 5,500 acre-feet to up to 140,000 acre-feet, enough to supply up to 1.4 million residents for one year in an emergency.

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In Santa Clara County, nearly half of all our water is pumped from underground basins.

During droughts and emergencies, there is a greater reliance on these aquifers, but overpumping groundwater could result in subsidence (the sinking of earth’s surface), which causes permanent damage to roads, bridges and pipelines. Expanding Pacheco Reservoir would double the amount of water we can store above ground, making us less reliant on our groundwater supply during droughts, which would replenish the groundwater supply and protect overlying infrastructure.

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By expanding Pacheco Reservoir, managed water flows from the reservoir into Pacheco Creek would increase the quality of fish habitat downstream. The expanded reservoir would provide suitable flow and water temperatures to Pacheco Creek and improve approximately 10 miles of habitat to support the migration and survival of the South Central California Coast Steelhead.

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The expanded Pacheco Reservoir will incidentally reduce flood risk along Pacheco Creek and downstream Pajaro River by holding back peak flows, offering some relief to disadvantaged communities in Dunneville, Watsonville and Pajaro.

 

Geographic Area of Benefit:

Countywide

Videos on the project benefits

History & Background

About Pacheco Reservoir

Located on the lower end of North Fork Pacheco Creek, the expanded reservoir project includes the construction of an earthen dam made of rock and soil upstream of the existing dam, a pump station, a pipeline and other supporting items. The expanded reservoir would be filled by a combination of rainfall, runoff from the watershed upstream of the new dam, and imported water supplies.

Water released from the reservoir will help threatened fish by keeping the Pacheco Creek flowing, before seeping into the underlying groundwater aquifer as it winds toward where it meets the Pajaro River.

The aquifer fed by Pacheco Reservoir begins at its northern tip in Santa Clara County and extends south into San Benito County. Agricultural users served by the Pacheco Pass and San Benito County water districts pump water from this aquifer.

Funding the project

In 2017, Valley Water, Pacheco Pass Water District and the San Benito County Water District collaborated in securing $484.5 million of the $1 billion project cost to increase Pacheco Reservoir's storage capacity and deliver water supply, water quality and ecosystems benefits to the region and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Funding to expand Pacheco Reservoir, located 60 miles southeast of San Jose, was secured from California’s Water Quality, Supply and Infrastructure Improvement Act of 2014. The Act, passed by state voters as Proposition 1, provided $2.7 billion for investments in surface and groundwater storage projects, under the Act’s Water Storage Investment Program.

In early 2021, the Pacheco project was awarded about $12 million in additional funding from Prop 1, bringing the total to about $486.6 million. You can see all the projects that have received funding from Prop 1 at the California Water Commission website. 

Currently, Valley Water has entered into an early funding agreement for $24.2 million with the California Water Commission to share project planning and environmental studies costs. Valley Water is presently conducting studies, investigations and surveys to design and evaluate potential environmental impacts and feasibility. The draft environmental impact report is expected to be released by 2022.

In 2020, Valley Water performed a more detailed design study which included an updated cost estimate. This design study indicated that construction costs for the proposed project had increased to about $2.5 billion, prompted largely by major changes to the dam and spillway design.

In November 2020, Santa Clara County voters approved the Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program, which provides up to $10 Million to help construct the Pacheco Reservoir Expansion Project.

Staff is available to provide presentations to civic, neighborhood, and stakeholder groups. To request a presentation, please contact: Mark Gomez, [email protected], or (408) 630-2985. You may also review the project’s frequently asked questions to learn more about the benefits.

About the Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program

In November 2020, voters in Santa Clara County overwhelmingly approved Measure S, a renewal of Valley Water’s Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program.

The program was first passed by voters in 2000 as the Clean, Safe Creeks and Natural Flood Protection Plan, then again in 2012 as the Safe, Clean Water and Natural Flood Protection Program. The renewal of the Safe, Clean Water Program will continue to provide approximately $47 million annually for local projects that deliver safe, clean water, natural flood protection, and environmental stewardship to all the communities we serve in Santa Clara County.

While evaluating ways to improve the 2012 program, Valley Water gathered feedback from more than 21,000 community members. That helped Valley Water create the six priorities for the renewed Safe, Clean Water Program, which are:

Priority A: Ensure a Safe, Reliable Water Supply

Priority B: Reduce Toxins, Hazards and Contaminants in our Waterways

Priority C: Protect our Water Supply and Dams from Earthquakes and Other Natural Disasters

Priority D: Restore Wildlife Habitat and Provide Open Space

Priority E: Provide Flood Protection to Homes, Businesses, Schools, Streets and Highways

Priority F: Support Public Health and Public Safety for Our Community

Each year, Valley Water prepares a report providing a progress update for each of these program priorities, along with fiscal year accomplishments.

To ensure transparency and accountability to the voters, the ballot measure also created an Independent Monitoring Committee, appointed by the Santa Clara Valley Water District Board of Directors. The Independent Monitoring Committee annually reviews the program’s progress to ensure the outcomes are achieved in a cost-efficient manner and reports its findings to the Board. Additionally, the IMC also reviews each proposed 5-year implementation plan prior to its submittal for Board approval.

In addition, the program requires three independent audits.

View the Safe, Clean Water Program’s annual reports, annual IMC audit reports, and independent audits, including a staff response, on the Valley Water website.

 

 

Updated: May 2021

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